As you embark upon your video editing journey, some questions may occur. In this article, you will learn everything about frame rates.
What is FPS in video editing?
FPS stands for frames-per-second.
Frame rate represents a frequency at which independent still images appear on the screen per second.
For example, if your video is 24 FPS, it means there are 24 images in 1 second of footage to produce an animated material.
What are the most popular frame rates (FPS)?
|FPS||When to use|
|24p*||Most of the Hollywood movies filmed at 24 FPS. It’s one of the most common frame rates on the globe. If you want to create a slow-motion video, consider capturing your video with a higher FPS.|
|25p||The standard frame rate for European PAL TV broadcasts. Between 24 & 25, choose 24, unless you want to play your movie on UK Television.|
|30p||When recording in countries like the U.S.A. and Canada, the 30 FPS frame rate is the best. It’s faster than 24 FPS and is a good video match for computer monitors. A lot of online content has 30p.|
|60p||As you already understand this means you record a video using 60 pictures per second. This frame rate is usually used for sporting events or other high-speed actions, so the video has less motion blur. It will help to keep up the motion smooth and details crisp.|
In this case, the 60 FPS videos look “sharper” than 24 FPS or 30 FPS ones, because you are recording more pictures per second to describe the movement in a given scene. 60 FPS is also used (along with higher frame rates, such as 120 FPS, 240 FPS) to create smooth slow-motion effects.
How can you use FPS in different scenarios?
You can see a notable difference between 24 FPS and 60 FPS.
Some other frame rates can be used:
- 1 frame per hour: for supreme time-lapse photography.
- 1 frame per minute: for most time-lapses.
- 4-15 FPS: stop-motion animation.
- 18 FPS: used for early motion picture films.
- 48 FPS: a higher frame rate, meaning you can see more details with the less blur risk. The significant example is “The Hobbit” series of movies. It makes the footage look ‘more real’ and eliminates the blur on pans and fast action scenes.
- 120 FPS: a frame rate that’s used for slow-motion.
- 300 FPS+: a very high-speed frame rate used for ultra-slow-mo footage.
- 2500 FPS+: ultra-high-speed rate that’s used for special effects for explosions and pyrotechnics.
Pro-tips to shoot the video in different FPS
Although, there are several things you should take into consideration about FPS in editing videos:
- The higher frame rate consists of more individual pictures, accordingly, you need more storage on your device.
- Shutter speed. A universal guide for common shooting, the 180-degree shutter rule states that your camera’s shutter speed should always be twice that of the frame rate when filming a video. This is super simple: You take a video at 24 FPS; your shutter speed should be 1/50. In this way, your moves will look natural and real.
- Suppose your film is at 30 FPS and you edited it. Exporting the video with 24 FPS will lose some frames and it may look chunky. Generally, you should always export the video in the original frame rate of your footage.
- Experiment with different frame rates to find the one you like the most! Tastes are not the same! Some people might like the look of the 60 FPS videos and, not surprisingly, some may find them odd.
Which Frame Rate is the best for different kinds of videos?
If you’re not ready to dive deeper into the technical side of the question, we’d like to give you a quick advise on what frame rate should be used when you’re shooting the video for a particular purpose.
What frame rate is the best for YouTube?
The chances that your video will go to YouTube are very high! So, you might be wondering what frame rate to use to edit YouTube videos.
The truth is that you can use any of the frame rates, as long as it works in favor of your creative idea and doesn’t affect the general quality of your video. What you should take into consideration though, is the combination of the frame rate and bitrate.
Here are the recommendations by YouTube for your content:
|Type||Video Bitrate, Standard Frame Rate |
(24, 25, 30)
|Video Bitrate, High Frame Rate |
(48, 50, 60)
|2160p (4k)||35-45 Mbps||53-68 Mbps|
|1440p (2k)||16 Mbps||24 Mbps|
|1080p||8 Mbps||12 Mbps|
|720p||5 Mbps||7.5 Mbps|
|480p||2.5 Mbps||4 Mbps|
|360p||1 Mbps||1.5 Mbps|
What frame rate to use for a wedding video?
Wedding videos, like the other memories people are trying to capture, should be special in every way. Are you excited about trying out creating something noble?
First and foremost, there is a good story behind every great cinematic wedding.
Additionally, If you want it to be beautiful and emotional, consider 60 FPS and slowing down some parts. Slow-motion videos deliver this particular sensation, that’s why it is so highly recommended.
Get to know more tips for filming a wedding video with different frame rates in this next video:
Read how to make the perfect wedding video slideshows.
What frame rate is the best for video games?
Unlike FPS in video editing, frame rates in video games show how many frames per second both monitor and GPU can render in one second.
|30FPS||This is the baseline for video game consoles and gaming PCs. Anything above 20 FPS can be regarded as playable. It makes for a more cinematic vibe.|
|60FPS||This frame rate is considered perfect for most gaming PCs by many users. Great for games where responding to animations is essential.|
|120FPS||To play this kind of frame rate you need a monitor with 120-165 Hz refresh rates. Usually, it takes a powerful high-end GPU to run particular games without any settings drops. Besides, 2 times more efficient and responsive than 60 FPS, it can provide important features when it comes to multiplayer games, though some extra responsiveness in single-player games can be enjoyed too, even if it means reducing some graphic options.|
|240FPS||It is exclusively operated with 240 Hz monitors, 240 FPS is the highest modern displays go. Those are the most expensive too!|
In particular, if it is easy to spot the difference between 30 FPS and 60 FPS, the difference between 120 FPS and 240 FPS is subtle.
Monitor and hardware
As far as you learned, you need to have a monitor and GPU powerful enough for demanding games. In this way, your PC can render and demonstrate higher FPS. Monitors can go with two common panel types for gaming: TN and IPS. The TN panels are cheaper and faster, while IPS ones are brighter and got better viewing angles.
Without spending too much, a combo of a 144 Hz display and a cheaper GPU might comprise a good choice if you play less memory consuming games.
On the contrary, if you enjoy playing demanding AAA games and concerned about graphics more than performance, going for a 60 Hz monitor and a powerful GPU would be more beneficial.
Similarly, you can be in the catbird seat by going with the latest high-end GPU and pairing it up with an Ultra HD 144 Hz monitor. It is a serious investment. Are you ready for it?
How to edit videos with 60+ FPS?
There is at least one significant reason why 60+ FPS videos are exciting to work with! No secrets here, it’s a high quality of slow-motion. The higher FPS gives the possibility to get a better quality of slow-mo.
As we noticed previously, 30 FPS seems to be right for the majority situations.
We’ll show you how to work with FPS in video editing for the perfect slow motion. If your original footage is at 120 FPS, you can slow it down 1/4x times and export it to 30 FPS. As a result, Hollywood-like smoothness guaranteed. Now we will demonstrate how to edit the video with 60+ FPS on the example of 120 FPS. We will use Animotica video editor (perfect for Windows 10 users), in case if you’re MacOS user, try iMovie.
If you’re not the user of Animotica yet, you can download and install it for free here.?
Step 1: Create a New Project and Add Video.
After you launch the app, click ‘New Project’ on the first screen, after that you have a few option, select ‘Add Video or Photo Clips’ to add your video file.
Add your video with 120 FPS to Animotica.
Step 2: Apply Slow Motion.
Select the uploaded clip and tap on “Speed” button.
Change the speed by moving the slider to 0.25x. This was you just slow-downed your 120 FPS video 4 times!
Step 3: Select the Right FPS.
After editing your video, click on the “Export Video” button. The standard frame rate is set to 30 FPS. If you want to change it, you need to proceed to “Advanced settings” where you can arrange the desired FPS.
Step 4: Save and Share your Video.
Save your project. As the standard frame rate in Animotica set to 30 FPS, it’s the best fit for your slow-motion. 120 FPS / slowed 4 times = makes perfect 30 FPS.
Important! When you slow down a video, the voice slows down accordingly! If you want to film a video blog with voice, 30 FPS will do the best option for you.
Luckily for everyone, the diversity of frame rates empowers to create exclusive clips to touch the souls and hearts of the viewers. Choose 24 FPS for editing video with a cinematic feel and 60 FPS for a sleek slow-mo!
Thank you for reading this blog post, we hope it was informative for you. If there are any questions left, feel free to comment below, or communicate with us on social media!
If you want to learn more about video editing terminology, we invite you to check our latest post on 100+ Key Video Editing Terms Every Beginner Should Know.